With these delightful prospects, the Trump White House was ready to relax non-proliferation standards and, most importantly, give Saudi officials what they wanted in a nuclear export deal, including no ban on Saudi uranium enrichment. Trump officials have repeated the old arguments that it was better to be in the nuclear trade to have a say in international rules and, moreover, how could one ignore the possibility of billions in sales to Saudi Arabia and the Middle East in general? The fix seemed to be in it, but three things happened. The Agreement between the United States of America and the United Arab Emirates 123 on Civil And Peaceful Cooperation in the Nuclear Field is an Agreement 123 on Peaceful Nuclear Cooperation between the United States of America and the United Arab Emirates, adopted on 17 December 2009, it enables the United Arab Emirates to obtain nuclear know-how, materials and equipment from the United States.  The UAE has pledged to renounce domestic enrichment and reprocessing of spent fuel and to sign the Additional Protocol of the International Atomic Energy Agency, which introduces a stricter inspection system for UAE nuclear activities.   The UAE`s agreement not to enrich itself and to retreat has become known as the “gold standard” for nuclear cooperation agreements, given that the signatory renounces sensitive technology and capabilities that can also be used to build a nuclear weapon.   And of course, as with any foreign policy issue, there is no political election in a vacuum. The United States has already concluded a “gold standard” of 123 agreements in the region with the United Arab Emirates (United Arab Emirates). Despite the agreement to renounce enrichment, the UAE was able to add to its Agreement 123 a provision stating that if a regional country subsequently obtains a more favourable agreement, it would be free to renegotiate its own. Congress must be aware that decisions made by the United States with Saudi Arabia will have a domino effect in the Middle East.
The term “gold standard” was coined at the end of the George W. Bush administration, when the U.S.-UAE agreement was signed in January 2009, and it was declared a new standard for nuclear cooperation agreements, although several subsequent agreements did not maintain the additional standard under the Obama administration. A 2011 letter from the Obama administration to Capitol Hill abandoned the idea of a one-way approach of 123 agreements and argued for a case-by-case approach in future negotiations. (See ACT, March 2012). The Trump administration has even less clearly set a target for its position on the gold standard provisions. This has been particularly common in the ongoing negotiations for a Saudi-123 deal. On April 23, 2009, ABC News published a video of Royal E-vae Sheikh Issa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, “the brother of the crown prince who tortures a man, allegedly for cheating on him in a grain store.”  On April 29, 2009, CNN reported that the controversy over the torture strip had delayed the ratification of the nuclear deal between the United States and the United Arab Emirates.  In the end, the band did not maintain the agreement that was formally submitted to President Obama`s Congress in May 2009 and was approved by prominent congressional leaders in the following months. . . .