The agreements were confirmed by an act of the French Parliament of 26 March 1935.  The French and Italian parliaments ratified the 1935 agreement. As ratification instruments were not exchanged, the ICJ described the agreement as “un-ratified”.  The Franco-Italian agreements (often referred to as the Mussolini-Laval agreements) were signed in Rome on 7 January 1935 by both French Foreign Minister Pierre Laval and Italian Prime Minister Benito Mussolini. Did the Minister of Foreign Affairs ask whether, given that the terms of the secret agreement between France and Italy have been known to the government since January 1935, would he communicate them to Parliament? It would not be appropriate for me to publish the information in my possession on the terms of an agreement between foreign powers which they did not deem fit to publish. Laval had replaced Louis Barthou of Yugoslavia as Foreign Minister after his assassination in Marseille on 9 October 1934, along with King Alexander I. Laval borrowed the idea of his predecessor from a collective security system to contain Hitler`s threat in Europe. On January 4, 1935, Laval went to Rome, the capital of Italy, to meet Mussolini. It was the beginning of a diplomatic offensive that Hitler`s Germany had to contain through a network of alliances. The British ceded Oltre Giuba (now Jubaland) in 1925 from Kenya to Italian Somalia, but the French delayed a few years until 1935 under the leadership of Laval and ceded little territory in East Africa and a desert area in the French Sahara. After its victory in World War I, it was agreed that Italy would not receive territories from the defeated German colonial empire.
It was shared between France and the United Kingdom, but Italy would be rewarded by certain regions bordering the British and French colonial empires. This was considered by the Italians as a very low compensation for their victims in the bloody war, which was one of the reasons for the rise of Mussolini`s fascism to power in Italy. . – Can I ask you if a commitment between two league member powers is binding if it is not published? In return for these concessions, France hoped for Italian support against the German aggression that did not occur. Sales operations are carried out directly in the full text box on the left. Among the following paragraphs, the good hon. Does Gentleman make the French government predict that the terms of this agreement are at odds with its commitments with the League of Nations? Shouldn`t this commitment be registered with the League of Nations? I must refuse to answer to any government other than my own.