Nevertheless, the Simla Agreement, like the agreement that the two countries reached in Tashkent after their 1965 war, is far from creating the “lasting peace” to which both sides publicly commit. As in Tashkent, the parties agreed to withdraw their troops from the territories occupied during their recent conflict – with the exception of Kashmir, where the ceasefire line of 17 December 1971 must be “respected” – and to work towards the restoration of communications and economic relations. As in Tashkent, both agreed to settle their differences by peaceful means. But the Simla summit, like its Soviet-ruled predecessor in Tashkent, showed no progress on the Kashmir issue, which has sharpened India-Pakistan relations the most since independence in 1947. At their first meeting, Mrs. Gandhi and Mr. Bhutto did not even finally resolve all the short-term issues arising from the conflict in Bangladesh, the former eastern region of Pakistan, last December. Their agreement leaves uncertain the fate of 93,000 Pakistani prisoners of war still held in India. And it fails to restore diplomatic relations. However, these problems could now be relatively easy to resolve if President Bhutto recognized Bangla-desh, as expected, and if President Rahman of Bangladesh imitated the cautious moderation of his colleagues and abandoned plans for full war crimes trials. The Tashkent Declaration was a peace agreement between India and Pakistan signed on January 10, 1966, which resolved the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965. Peace was on the 23rd.
September was reached thanks to the intervention of outside powers, who urged the two countries to a ceasefire, fearing that the conflict would escalate and attract other powers.   (iii) Withdrawals shall commence upon entry into force of this Agreement and shall be concluded within 30 days.  The agreement was negotiated by Soviet Prime Minister Alexei Kosygin, who had invited the parties to Tashkent. The parties agreed to withdraw all armed forces from positions occupied before 5 August 1965; the re-establishment of diplomatic relations; and to discuss economic, refugee and other issues. The deal has been criticized in India for not containing a non-war pact or a renunciation of guerrilla aggression in Kashmir. Pakistan`s National Assembly will have the opportunity to insinuate a new era of peace and development in the South Asian subcontinent on Monday when it meets to ratify the agreement signed by President Bhutto and Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in Simla. The conclusion of the pact after five days of tense negotiations reflects the determination of two pragmatic political leaders to end 25 years of conflict “so that the two countries can now devote their resources and energies to the urgent task of promoting the well-being of their people.” This Agreement shall be subject to ratification by both countries in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures and shall enter into force from the date of exchange of instruments of ratification.  In accordance with the Tashkent Declaration, discussions took place at ministerial level on 1 and 2 March 1966.